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reptiles in madagascar


madagascar is a place of wonder for herpetologists. 340 and more species of reptiles have been described over 90% of which are endemic. putting aside the crocodiles, three groups of reptiles occur in madagascar, the turtles, the lizards and the snakes.

tortoises and turtles

madagascar is home to four endemic species of tortoises. the plowshare tortoise, astrochelys yniphora, the rarest in the world, is restricted to a small area in the north west coast of the island. the radiated tortoise, geochelone radiata, the flat-tailed tortoise, pyxis planicauda, and the spider tortoise, pyxis arachnoides, occur in bush or 'spiny' forests of the western and south-western coast of madagascar. tortoises are visible all year long at the exception of the flat-tailed tortoise which aestivates during austral winter.

turtles, of which hawksbill turtle eretmochelys imbricata and green turtle chelonia midas can be encountered in the indian ocean and the mozambique channel.
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